How to Make Authentic Vietnamese Coffee with a Vietnamese Coffee Maker

Vietnamese Coffee Maker can make a distinct taste of Vietnamese coffee that sets it apart from other coffee brewing methods. The secret behind its unique flavor lies in the Vietnamese coffee maker or phin. This filter-based brewing device is a simple but effective way to brew a single cup of coffee at home. To make authentic Vietnamese coffee, all you need is a phin filter, some Vietnamese coffee beans, hot water, and sweetened condensed milk. 

In this article, LE DEPANNEUR CAFE will guide you through the process of using a phin filter to brew delicious Vietnamese coffee, and we’ll also introduce you to some of the key features of different types of Vietnamese coffee makers. Whether you’re a coffee enthusiast or just looking to try something new, read on to discover the best way to enjoy a cup of Vietnamese coffee.

vietnamese coffee maker

What Is A Vietnamese Coffee Maker?

Definition of Vietnamese coffee maker

A Vietnamese coffee maker, also known as a phin filter, is a small coffee brewing device used to make traditional Vietnamese coffee. It is a two-part metal filter, with a chamber for coffee grounds and a perforated lid that sits on top. The filter is placed on top of a cup, and hot water is poured over the coffee grounds. The coffee then slowly drips through the filter, resulting in a strong, rich, and flavorful cup of coffee.

Brief history of Vietnamese coffee

Vietnam has a long history of coffee cultivation, dating back to the French colonial period in the 19th century. However, it was not until the 20th century that coffee became a popular beverage in Vietnam. During the Vietnam War, coffee became a staple for soldiers and locals alike, with the government encouraging coffee cultivation as a means of economic development. Today, Vietnam is the second-largest coffee producer in the world, known for its robusta beans and unique brewing methods.

vietnamese coffee maker

Importance of Vietnamese coffee maker

The Vietnamese coffee maker plays an integral role in the preparation of traditional Vietnamese coffee. It is a simple yet effective tool that allows for the slow and consistent extraction of coffee flavors, resulting in a bold and distinct taste. The phin filter is also portable and easy to use, making it a popular choice for coffee enthusiasts on the go. Moreover, the use of sweetened condensed milk in Vietnamese coffee adds a creamy and sweet element that balances out the strong coffee flavors. Overall, the Vietnamese coffee maker is an essential element of Vietnamese coffee culture, representing a rich history and unique taste experience.

Components Of Vietnamese Coffee Maker

If you’re a fan of Vietnamese coffee, you’re probably familiar with the unique brewing method used to make this rich and flavorful beverage. At the heart of this brewing process is the Vietnamese coffee maker, also known as a phin. This compact and portable device consists of several components that work together to produce a smooth and aromatic cup of coffee. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the key components of a Vietnamese coffee maker and explore how they work.

Phin Filter

The phin filter is the most important component of a Vietnamese coffee maker. This small metal filter resembles a miniature basket with a lid and sits atop the brewing cup. It’s made up of three parts: the filter plate, the screw-down insert, and the filter chamber. The filter plate is a perforated metal disk that sits at the bottom of the filter chamber, and it’s responsible for holding the coffee grounds. The screw-down insert is a round metal piece that screws into the filter chamber to hold the filter plate in place. And the filter chamber is a cylinder-shaped metal piece that fits into the brewing cup.

The phin filter works by using gravity to draw hot water through the coffee grounds and into the brewing cup. The water seeps through the tiny holes in the filter plate and mixes with the coffee, extracting the rich flavors and aromas. As the coffee brews, it drips slowly into the brewing cup below.

Brewer Chamber

The brewer chamber is the container that holds the hot water as it brews the coffee. It’s typically made of stainless steel, although ceramic and plastic options are also available. The chamber sits below the phin filter and is designed to hold just enough water to brew a single cup of coffee.

Brewing Cup

The brewing cup is the vessel that collects the freshly brewed coffee as it drips out of the Phin filter. It’s usually made of glass or ceramic and comes in various sizes to accommodate different amounts of coffee. Some Vietnamese coffee makers also include a lid to keep the coffee warm and prevent spills.


The lid is an optional component of a Vietnamese coffee maker, but it can be useful for keeping your coffee hot and preventing spills. The lid fits snugly over the brewing cup and can be made of plastic, metal, or ceramic.

In conclusion, a Vietnamese coffee maker, or phin, consists of four main components: the phin filter, brewer chamber, brewing cup, and lid. Each of these components plays a crucial role in the brewing process, and when used correctly, they can produce a delicious and aromatic cup of Vietnamese coffee. Whether you prefer your coffee hot or iced, with condensed milk or black, a Vietnamese coffee maker is an excellent investment for any coffee lover.

How To Use A Vietnamese Coffee Maker

Vietnamese coffee is known for its unique and bold flavor that sets it apart from other coffee varieties. One of the secrets to achieving this distinct taste is through the use of a Vietnamese coffee maker, or a Phin filter. If you’re new to brewing coffee with this traditional method, don’t worry, it’s easy to get started. In this article, we’ll walk you through the steps on how to use a Vietnamese coffee maker to make the perfect cup of coffee.

Preparing the Coffee

Grinding the coffee beans

Start by selecting high-quality coffee beans, preferably a robusta blend, and grinding them coarsely. You can use a coffee grinder or a mortar and pestle to achieve the desired consistency.

how to make vietnamese iced coffee

Adding coffee to the Phin filter

Remove the lid and filter plate from the Phin filter and add 2-3 tablespoons of ground coffee to the filter. Gently shake the filter to level out the grounds.

  1. Tamping the coffee

Use the tamper to gently press down on the coffee grounds. This helps to create an even extraction and prevent water from flowing too quickly through the filter.

Brewing the Coffee

Adding hot water to the brewer’s chamber

Place the brewer’s chamber on top of a coffee cup or mug and add hot water to the chamber. Use water that is just below boiling, around 195-205°F (90-96°C).

make vietnamese coffee

Inserting the Phin filter and brewing cup

Place the Phin filter with the tamped coffee on top of the brewer’s chamber. Slowly pour a small amount of hot water over the coffee grounds to wet them and let it sit for 15-20 seconds. Then, pour the remaining hot water over the grounds, filling the brewer’s chamber to the top. Place the brewing cup on top of the filter and let the coffee brew for 3-5 minutes.

Brewing time

The brewing time can vary depending on the strength of the coffee and personal preference. For a stronger brew, let the coffee steep for longer.

Serving the Coffee

Mixing the coffee with condensed milk

Traditionally, Vietnamese coffee is served with sweetened condensed milk. Mix 1-2 tablespoons of condensed milk with the brewed coffee to taste.

Pouring the coffee into a cup

Remove the brewing cup and Phin filter from the brewer’s chamber and pour the coffee into a cup.

vietnamese coffee how to make

Serving with ice (optional)

If you prefer iced coffee, pour the coffee into a glass filled with ice. You can also add a splash of cold milk for a creamier taste.

With these simple steps, you can easily make a delicious cup of Vietnamese coffee using a Vietnamese coffee maker. Experiment with different coffee blends and brewing times to find your perfect cup. Enjoy!

You may also like to read “How to make Vietnamese iced coffee?

Tips For Using A Vietnamese Coffee Maker

Vietnamese coffee has become increasingly popular around the world and for good reason. It’s strong, sweet, and creamy, making it a unique and delicious way to enjoy your daily caffeine fix. However, if you want to make the perfect cup of Vietnamese coffee, you need the right tools, including a Vietnamese coffee maker, also known as a Phin filter. But even with the right equipment, there are still a few things you need to keep in mind to make the best coffee possible. In this article, we’ll share some tips for using a Vietnamese coffee maker that will help you achieve the perfect brew every time.

Choosing the right coffee beans

One of the most important things you need to consider when making Vietnamese coffee is the type of coffee beans you use. Most Vietnamese coffee is made with robusta beans, which are known for their strong and bitter flavor. However, you can also use arabica beans, which are smoother and have a more subtle flavor. It’s important to choose high-quality, freshly roasted beans for the best taste.

Adjusting the grind size

The grind size of your coffee beans is another crucial factor that can affect the taste of your coffee. For Vietnamese coffee, you want a medium to coarse grind, as this will help the coffee extract evenly and prevent it from becoming too bitter. Experiment with different grind sizes to find the one that works best for you and your taste preferences.

Controlling the water temperature

The water temperature is also an important factor in making good Vietnamese coffee. Ideally, you want to use water that’s between 195-205°F (90-96°C). This will help to extract the flavors and aromas of the coffee without over-extracting and making it taste bitter. If you don’t have a thermometer, you can simply boil the water and let it sit for a few minutes before using it.

vietnamese drip coffee maker

Cleaning and maintaining the Phin filter

Finally, it’s important to properly clean and maintain your Phin filter to ensure that it continues to produce good coffee. After each use, rinse the filter with hot water and use a brush to remove any stuck coffee grounds. You can also soak the filter in a mixture of water and vinegar to remove any residual oils or buildup. Additionally, make sure to dry the filter completely before storing it to prevent mold or bacteria growth.

By following these tips, you’ll be able to use your Vietnamese coffee maker to make delicious coffee that’s rich, flavorful, and satisfying. So, grab your Phin filter, and some high-quality coffee beans, and get brewing!

FAQs about Vietnamese Coffee Maker

How long do you let Vietnamese coffee drip?

Pour up to 3.2 oz of water (or fill the water to the top) First drip should drop before 2 minutes. Finish around 5 min – 5 min 30 seconds. Enjoy with sweetened condensed milk, sugar, milk, or black.


What is the ratio for Vietnamese coffee makers?

For Vietnamese iced coffee in a phin brewer, we’re starting with a ratio of 12g per 100 ml (g) of water. In our 120ml brewer, we’re using 14 grams of coffee. Of course, you should adjust based on taste for your purposes.


Why does my phin drip so fast?

If it drips too fast, add more coffee or make the grind finer. If it brews too slowly, makes the grind coarser or use less coffee. Typically you should use a rounded tablespoon of coffee to start, and then adjust from there if the time is not right.

How many scoops of coffee are in a phin?

2 tablespoons Most phins are made to brew a single serving of coffee – about 4oz. For a single-serve phin, you’ll want to use about 2 tablespoons – or 14 grams – of ground coffee.


How long does a phin take to brew?

4-5 minutes Brew – Fill phin 3/4 full with hot water (about 4 oz of hot water). Place the lid on top of the Phin. * Your coffee will begin to drip slowly into your cup. Allow 4-5 minutes for the coffee to brew.


How do you know when Vietnamese coffee is done?

The coffee will begin dripping into your cup or glass. Wait about 5 minutes for the coffee to finish drip brewing! Remove the filter, and stir to mix in the condensed milk.

Can I leave drip coffee overnight?

If you keep brewed coffee in a sealed container in the fridge, it may last longer. It’s likely safe to consume for up to 3–4 days when stored this way. However, it probably won’t taste that good. If you add milk or creamer to your brewed coffee, drink it within 2 hours if left at room temperature.

Can I use drip coffee twice?

Don’t Reuse Coffee Grounds. Overall, we don’t normally recommend reusing coffee grounds to make another cup or pot of coffee as it dilutes the flavor and can make the coffee taste more bitter than what is intended.

What is the perfect coffee ratio per cup?

A general guideline is called the “Golden Ratio” – one to two tablespoons of ground coffee for every six ounces of water. This can be adjusted to suit individual taste preferences.

Why is Phin coffee so strong?

Why is Vietnamese Coffee strong? Vietnamese coffee is strong because most of it is robusta coffee, which has nearly twice the caffeine content of arabica coffee. This high caffeine content makes robusta a bold and powerful coffee and gives Vietnamese coffee its reputation as very strong.

Is Phin coffee like espresso?

We like to describe the concentration and flavor of phin-brewed coffee as something in between an espresso and a cup of drip. Some people would even describe it as a “Vietnamese-style espresso” as the phin predominantly imparts smooth and toasty notes. Those who love flavor love phin coffee.

Conclusion for Vietnamese Coffee Maker

The Vietnamese Coffee Maker, also known as the Phin filter, is a unique and versatile tool that can help you brew authentic Vietnamese coffee in the comfort of your own home. With its simple design and easy-to-use process, you can create a delicious and aromatic cup of coffee that captures the true essence of Vietnam. 

By selecting the right coffee beans, adjusting the grind size, controlling the water temperature, and properly cleaning and maintaining the Phin filter, you can enjoy a rich and flavorful cup of Vietnamese coffee anytime you desire. So why not try making your own Vietnamese coffee today and experience the world-renowned taste that has made it a favorite among coffee lovers everywhere?

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